Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Reformation Lesson 4 - The Counter-Reformation

In Lesson 1 we read about how the invention of the printing press was able to spread ideas around Europe quickly and cheaply.

In Lesson 2 we read about the disagreements Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church and the 95 Theses he produced to state his ideas regarding Christianity.

In Lesson 3 we read about how many other people were beginning to have similar ideas to Luther and also disagreed with some of the actions of the Catholic Church.

In Lesson 4 we will read about how the Catholic Church responded to these arguments. Even though the leadership of the Church disagreed with the Protestant Reformers, many other members of the Church agreed with some of what the Reformers said and wanted to change some of the abuses. The lesson talks about some of the famous Catholic reformers and what the answers the Church had for the Reformers (this will help with the debate!).

Questions:
1. Who were the Jesuits and what was their purpose? (2)
2. What did the Council of Trent decide also had authority, in addition to the Bible? (2)
3. Why did the Catholic Church try to ban some books? (3)
4. Do you think it was a good idea for them to ban some books and try to keep laypersons from reading the Bible? Why or why not? (3)

Vocabulary:
monasteries - where monks lived and worked
penance - acts to try to make up for doing bad things
sacraments - official and holy ceremonies of the church, i.e., marriage, communion, baptism
laypersons - not priests or other church officials; regular people

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